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Hair Loss

What is Hair loss?

Just like women, men are often concerned about their physical appearance in public. However, conditions like baldness can lead them to experience low self-confidence, depression and disappointment with their physical appearance. As men get older they experience a gradual loss of hair due to which they feel they look unattractive and much older than their years. Earlier it was believed that hair loss only happens in older men, but recent clinical studies have proved that even young men suffer from thinning of hair.

How common is hair loss in men?

One out of every two men experiences hair loss as they age. Male pattern baldness, also known as androgenic alopecia, has affected millions of men across the globe. It is a condition in which the thinning of hair first starts at the crown and temple due to which you are left with hair only at the back of your scalp. Over a period of time, a horseshoe shape is formed and your crown gets completely bald. It is more likely to happen in men as they approach their mid-40s.

What are the symptoms of hair loss?

If the symptoms of male pattern baldness are identified on time then you may seek suitable treatments which will help you to deal with hair loss effectively. The earlier symptoms are shedding of hair regularly from the scalp while washing or brushing. You will experience the formation of a typical “U” or “M” pattern at the temples and you lose hair mostly from the top of your head. The receding hair line and formation of ‘bald patch’ at the front and top of your head is a clear indication that you might be suffering from male pattern baldness. If this is happening then consult a doctor immediately before you experience complete baldness.

What causes hair loss?

It has been seen that underlying health conditions such as diabetes and lupus can result in hair loss. It can also happen because of frequent stress, exposure to pollution, poor diet or as a side effect of certain medications. However, the major reason for male pattern baldness is genetic sensitivity of the hair follicles to a by-product of the male hormone testosterone, called dihydrotestosterone (DHT). Testosterone is transformed to DHT with the help of an enzyme called 5-alpha reductase. When the quantity of DHT escalates in your body it affects the hair follicles due to which you start losing your hair. The abundance of this hormone in the body causes shrinking of the hair follicles in such a way that the growth of hair stops completely.

Treatment and prescription medication for hair loss

Men suffering from male pattern baldness are generally prescribed Propecia for its treatment. It is the only FDA approved medication which can effectively treat hair loss. Finasteride, the active ingredient of Propecia, acts as a 5-alpha reductase inhibitor and hinders the conversion of DHT from testosterone. As a result, your hair follicles do not shrink and remain unaffected. You are required to take one Propecia pill every day and can experience growth of new hair in just few months. This medication is safe for any man who is above 18 years of age. However, some possible side effects are pain in the testicular area, itching, decrease in semen production, swelling of lips or face, low libido and erectile dysfunction.